Datura Stramonium is a natural remedy, valued as a medicine, although it is considered a poisonous plant. Stramonium is a self-growing wild plant which can be found in all the world’s warm and moderate regions.”Jimsonweed” is native to North America, but was spread all over the world early in time.
Botanical name: Datura Stramonium
Other common names of Datura:
Dantura Stramonium, Jimson weed, stinkweed, mad apple, apple thorn, stramonium, datura tatula, black datura.
Plant parts used: seeds, leaves, flowers.
This herb (Datura Stramonium) has woody stalk branches, that forms a bush up to 60 to 150 cm (2 to 5 ft) tall.
The flowers are white or purple colored, that generally flowers throughout the summer. They have a pleasant smell and bloom merely at night.
Stramonium produces fruits, but they are neither good for medicinal uses nor edible.
The leaves have a bitter and unpleasant taste that contains alkaloids, the main source of all its therapeutic values and hallucinogenic properties. The cultivated plants include a high amount of alkaloids compared to naturally grown ones.
This medicinal plant has long been used for asthma symptoms in Ayurveda due to the active agent atropine.
The dried parts of datura are used as a sedative. The chemical components of the leaves have hallucinogenic properties and can be toxic.
➔ MEDICINAL BENEFITS OF DATURA STRAMONIUM
Fever: Datura’s fruits can be used to reduce different types of fever. In the past, it has been used for treating serious diseases such as Malaria, a problem which is still present up till now especially in South Africa. This fruit can be eaten after being burnt.
Heart Problems: Datura can calm both the body and mind. It can relax the cardiovascular system. In general, this medicinal plant may help people who suffer from heart arrhythmias or palpitations. It may also reduce the blood pressure and lower the potential chances of atherosclerosis, strokes and heart attacks.
Sexual Impotency: One of the uses of datura in traditional medicine was as a boost for sexual energy, fertility and libido. Although the precise, exact perception is not clear in this way, but smoking it has been associated with increased sexual energy. By adding seeds into water or milk, may easily increase circulation in the genital area. This process may improve the health of sperm and fertility.
Improves Immune System: There is a satisfactory amount of ascorbic acid in this plant. Additionally, the high concentration of antioxidants contributes to the strength of the immune system.
Insomnia: The sedative values of datura can be a good choice, by soothing the nerves, relieving pain and reducing inflammation. This plant can deliver rest, undisturbed sleep for those who suffer from insomnia or other sleep disorders.
Anxiety and Stress: It may improve mood and reduce stress. Smoking Datura has been traditionally used to improve mood and alleviate symptoms of depression, which may lead to suicide.
Hair Growth: datura stimulates the growth of new hair.
Using the seeds, flowers, and leaves in inappropriate way can lead to datura poisoning effects.
Datura has been used nearly in all conditions for which belladonna is commonly used. It acts as a natural remedy when it comes to the respiratory system. Thus, it has acquired a great reputation as a home remedy for spasmodic asthma, being used more as the main ingredient in asthma powders and cigarettes than internally. The leaves, stem should to be all cut up together to prepare burning powders for asthma.
Another beneficial effect is due to the presence of atropine, which can relieve the bronchial spasm.
Some herbalists affirm that a smoke from datura cigarette contains 0.25 grams of stramonium, leaves contain 0.25 milligrams of atropine. The leaves can be made up into cigarettes either alone or as a mixture of tobacco with sage or even other drugs.
Most likely, the leaves are mixed into cones with some aromatic and with equal parts of potassium nitrate, so as to decrease combustion and are burned in a saucer, the smoke being inhaled into lungs.
A good relief is afforded, the effect can be noticed immediately when the powdered leaves are burnt, meanwhile the smoke inhaled.
It’s worth to mention that as most drugs and after a constant use the relief is not that good and the treatment is merely palliative.
Accidents have happened from the injudicious use of this plant in this manner.
Beside using seeds to alleviate asthma, or smoked with tobacco, they are mainly used as a narcotic and anodyne. They are generally used in the form of an extract, prepared by boiling the seeds in water, or in alcohol. A tincture is somehow preferred. This extract is mainly given in pills to relieve cough and spasm of the bladder. Datura is considered a good cough remedy compared to opium, but it should be taken with an extreme caution. An over-dose might be dangerous.
➔ Other Uses
● Datura has been found to effectively clear trinitrotoluene from munition waste sites and to transform it via nitroreduction. What’s more, other species, of datura may have similar values as re-mediators of explosives.
● This plant can protect other plants from insects.
Powdered leaves, 1/10 to 5 grains. Fluid extract leaves, 1 to 3 drops. Fluid extract seeds, 1 to 2 drops. Tincture leaves, B.P. and U.S.P., 5 to 15 drops. Powdered extract, U.S.P., 1/5 grain. Solid extract, B.P., 1/4 to 1 grain. Ointment, U.S.P. (Source: http://botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/t/thorna12.html)
➔ Potential Side Effects and Precautions.
Datura can be a poisonous plant only if large quantities are eaten and the following symptoms may occur:
● Blurred vision, giddiness, confusion
● It can affect the nervous system – produces delirium, amnesia.
● Increases the heart beat – tachycardia.
● The juice of datura leaves may be harmful for the eyes.
● Taking datura in large quantities can result to dilated pupils.
● Constipation: Datura may cause constipation.
The first symptoms generally occur around 30 to 60 minutes after eating the herb (Stramonium). These symptoms last approximately 24 to 48 hours, but have been reported cases that last almost two weeks long. Ask your doctor before taking any type of treatment.
The information contained in this article is intended ONLY for educational purposes and it’s not a substitute for medical advice. It is not meant to cover all possible precautions, drug interactions and adverse effects. You should seek medical care for any health issues and consult your doctor before taking or using alternative medicine or making a change to your regime.