Angelica Archangelica (Angelica officinalis, Archangelica officinalis), commonly known as garden Angelica, Holy Ghost, wild celery, and Norwegian Angelica, is a biennial plant from the Apiaceae family used as a natural remedy.
From the 10th century on, Angelica was cultivated as a vegetable and medicinal plant.
Angelica is unique among the Umbelliferae for its aromatic odor, pleasant perfume, entirely different from fennel, parsley, anise, caraway, or chervil. It has been compared to musk and to juniper.
Even the roots are fragrant, and form one of the principal aromatic of European growth – the other parts of the plant have the same flavor, but their active principles are considered more alterable.
Angelica Archangelica roots have been used in the traditional Austrian medicine internally as tea or tincture for treatment of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, nervous system, and against fever, infections, and flu.
The roots, leaves and seeds are used for medicinal purposes.
The stems and seeds are used in the confectionery and flavoring the preparation of liqueurs.
The dried leaves, because of their aromatic properties are used in the preparation of hop bitters.
The whole plant is aromatic, but the root has only been official for medicinal uses in Switzerland, Austria and Germany.
Angelica roots should be dried rapidly and placed in airtight containers. They will then retain their medicinal virtues for many years.
The root should be dug up in the autumn of the first year, as it is, and should be sliced longitudinally to quicken the drying process. The fresh root has a yellowish-gray outer layer; when is bruised it produces a honey colored juice, having all the aromatic properties of the plant. If an incision is made in the bark of the stems or in the crown of the roots at the beginning of spring, will excrete a resinous gum that has a special flavor of musk benzene.
The dried root, as it appears in commerce, is grayish brown and wrinkled externally, exhibiting shining, resinous spots. The odor is strong and fragrant, and the taste bitter and somehow musky. These properties are especially extracted by alcohol and less by water.
The whole herb should be collected in June and cut short above the root, for medicinal use.
The stem should be cut about June or early July. If the stems are already too thick, the leaves may be stripped off separately and dried on wire or netting trays.
If the seeds are required, they should be collected when ripe and dried. The seed heads should be harvested on a sunny day, after the sun has dried off the dew; then place them in a thin layer on a cloth in a warm spot or open shed, where the air circulates freely. In a few days the tops will have become dry enough. The seeds should be sieved to remove the portions of the stalks and allowed to remain for several days longer spread out in a very thin layer in the sun, or in a warm and sunny room, being turned every day to remove the last sign of moisture. In a week to ten days they will be dry.
Small quantities of fruits can be shaken out of the heads, when they have been cut a few days ago and finished the ripening. It is necessary that the seeds be dried before being put into storage packages or tins.
Angelica is a good remedy for colds, coughs, pleurisy, wind, colic, rheumatism and diseases of the urinary organs, though it should not be given to patients who have a tendency towards diabetes, as it causes an increase of sugar in the urine.
It is generally used to stimulate the expectoration; combined with other expectorants facilitates the expectoration better.
It is a useful agent for feverish conditions, acting as a diaphoretic (having the power to increase perspiration).
Cold macerated Tea of Angelica is a natural remedy for depression, asthenia, fatigue, psychosomatic disorders.
Cold Tea from Angelica
Mix two teaspoons of Angelica powder, with one liter of water and let it soak over the night. In the morning, filter the liquid.
This tea is recommended as a cure for minimum one month. Drink 4 cups (250 ml) of Angelica cold macerated tea per day. During this treatment, exclude the alcohol, the coffee and tobacco.
How to prepare the Angelica Powder
Grind finely the flowers, stems and seeds using an electric coffee grinder or mash them well. Then, to eliminate the harsh elements that could affect the lining of the mouth, sift the powder through a flour sieve. Keep the resulting fine powder in a cool, dark place, preferably in tightly closed glass jars.
Angelica powder is a natural remedy for indigestion, anorexia, mental anorexia, difficult digestion. Before eating, take half a teaspoon of Angelica powder, held under the tongue for 15 minutes, then swallow with water. Take this powder 4 times a day.
– Volatile oil from Angelica seeds helps in concentration difficulties, delayed mental development in children. The oil is a very good brain stimulant.
In a jar with screw cap, put 100 g of Angelica (about 20 tablespoons of powder), 250 ml (one cup) of water and 250 ml of 90% alcohol. Let the mixture soak seven days, then remove and filter the tincture through a cheesecloth. Pour the tincture in dark bottles; the bottles should be stored in a cool, dark place, and must be closed tightly.
Angelica tincture against bulimia: take 1 teaspoon of tincture in a glass of water, 3-4 times daily before meals.
Angelica Tea Preparation
Pour one cup of boiled water over one teaspoon of crushed plant. Let it steep for 15 minutes. Filter the tea and it’s ready for drinking. Drink 2-3 cups of tea daily.
– Put 7 tablespoons of butter melted in a small saucepan
– In this hot melted butter, place the plants (which were grounded with the coffee grinder) and mix, preferably with a spoon / spatula wood.
– Place aside the composition for 5-7 hours, then put the mixture back on low heat until it is melted (do not boil!)
– Strain the ointment through cheesecloth or dense strainer into a glass / porcelain container, which it is good to be kept in the fridge (of course, after the total cooling of composition)
Perform massage on the affected area by applying a thin layer of ointment, until it is absorbed into the skin.
If you have nausea, you can manage this with a little mint.
Angelica is contraindicated for women during pregnancy, because it has abortifacients properties.